“Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” Revisited

Language is the way we communicate with each other so words and how we use them are important. Any conversation about downsizing and decluttering, whether written or spoken, almost always incudes the frequently used catchphrase “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.” All the words in that phrase start with “re-” a prefix that comes from the Latin and means “again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition, or it can mean going back to do something again, as in redo or revisit.

I’m revisiting my thinking about that standard: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.

Reduce means to use less and is certainly a good place to start. Reduce means to have a smaller or lesser amount, or to bring down, to diminish, or to minimize the amount we have. And in some definitions, it means to restore, to bring back or to lead back, to its original or lower state. So if the first step in decluttering is to reduce, then one meaning is to bring ourselves back to our original state of needing or owning less. Perhaps thinking of “reduce” in that way, that our original state is one in which we need less, we will have an easier time of getting rid of the things we no longer need, or at least, maybe, we’ll be able to do it with less angst.

Reuse means to use something again, usually for its original purpose. Most of us have worn a dress or outfit again, getting multiple uses out of our clothes, and all of us reuse our dinner plates and cutlery every day. So reuse is a part of our daily life, a no-brainer. But another definition of reuse is to use something again for a different purpose, sometimes called creative reuse or repurposing. Our forebears used pieces of fabric salvaged from clothing or household items to create bed quilts. Currently, many animal shelters ask for used bedding and pillows to use as animal bedding. Sometimes we reuse by passing along our older child’s clothes to our younger child, or by giving clothing that’s still wearable to a neighbor who has a still younger child. When we were cleaning out my aunt’s closets, we donated a number of pairs of elbow length gloves to a local theater group: clothing from the past to be used as part of a costume.

Recycle means, according to one dictionary, to collect and treat what would otherwise be trash so it can be used again. We recycle paper, sometimes by writing on paper that’s already been used. My father-in-law used the back of legal size envelopes from his mail to make lists, a habit I have incorporated into my life. They are the perfect size and shape for a list. We can print on both sides of paper or go ‘paperless’ by emailing everyone the agenda before a meeting; all are ways to to save trees. Upcycling, or creative reuse, is the process of transforming old or discarded items into new products that are sometimes better than the original. At a crafts fair I went to last weekend, I saw crafters who had cut off the sleeves of old sweaters and fashioned them into fingerless mitts, and others who had felted old sweaters (washed them in very hot water to cause the fibers to lock together) and used that stronger fabric to make purses. In a fully circular economy, we would be continuously using and reusing everything, reducing greatly what goes into the landfills.

What more can we do?

We can take old thinking about our stuff and repeal it, replace it, reverse it; we can rethink what our stuff means to us.

We can think about resale – having a yard sale for toys that our kids have outgrown or taking our clothing to a resale shop – rather than tossing it.

We can reedit or refine our needs, both clothing and household. How many multiples of things do we really need to have.

We can refuse things that don’t work for us, even pens that are given out for free, and rethink things are not environmentally friendly.

We can retire old thinking.

We can show respect – for ourselves and our fellow beings, for all creatures, and for the earth.

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home designcrafts, and food, and coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

Keeping America Beautiful

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Happy 4th of July!

As we celebrate the founding of our country with picnics, parades, and fireworks, let’s also give some thought to the future of our country, specifically the land we live on.

If you are moving, trying to declutter your home, or emptying a home after the owners have left, you have many decisions to make. If deciding on how to dispose of each and very item in the house is just too much, there is help out there. Here’s a look at some companies that will lend a hand.

Junk removal companies ensure that, for a fee, what you don’t want or can’t use any longer is recycled, donated, or disposed of responsibly.

The list of items they pick up and dispose of includes clothing, linens, old furniture, mattresses, appliances, electronics, sports equipment, tires, construction debris, yard waste, and can also include garage, attic, and basement cleanup.

The following two nationwide junk removal companies have received great feedback on the job they do.



Since 1989, they have saved over 1.5 billion pounds of junk from being dumped in landfills. Their credo: We believe that together we can make a difference for future generations by focusing on responsible environmental practices today. We are committed to improving our environmental performance by measuring the amount of junk collected and reporting where it goes.

College Hunks Hauling Junk


“Hunks” stands for honest, uniformed, nice, knowledgeable, students. Their mission is to move the world, one community, one home, one family at a time. They will sort, load, haul, recycle, donate and dispose of every last item that needs to go.

To find local organizations that do the same or similar work, search online under ‘junk removal services.’ There are also free services for special items, such as scrap metal.

Keep America beautiful; recycle your waste.

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home designcrafts, and foodand coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

Color It Green

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Pantone, a company that is the global authority on color and one that provides professional standards for the design industry, has proclaimed Pantone 17-5641 Emerald as the Color of the Year for 2013.

What could be more appropriate than a shade of green, one that is, according to their press release, “a lively, radiant, lush green,” for the official color for 2013. And what could be better than a color chosen “to promote balance and harmony.”

The adjectives Pantone uses to describe the official color – in any order you arrange them – read like a poem celebrating the essence of being green.

Harmonious Rejuvenating Powerful Appealing

Balanced Lively Sophisticated Energizing

Renewing Inspiring Healing Unifying

With green as our focus for this year – in our decorating and in our lifestyle choices – let’s join our fellow stewards of the earth, people and organizations that help us take better care of our planet. Here’s a list of some of the ones that are doing great work.

The Daily Green http://www.thedailygreen.com/

Do the Green Thing http://www.dothegreenthing.com/

Earth 911 http://earth911.com/

EcoEvaluator http://www.EcoEvaluator.com/

Go Green Guy http://gogreenamericatv.com/

Green is Good http://greenisgood.fm/

Green Living http://www.greenlivingonline.com/

Greenopolis  http://greenopolis.com/

Help Recycle http://HelpRecycle.com/

Mother Nature Network http://www.mnn.com/

Recology http://blog.recology.com/

Treehugger http://www.treehugger.com/

Unconsumption http://unconsumption.tumblr.com/

We Recycle http://www.werecycle.com/

On this Valentine’s Day and throughout the year, let’s color everything green.

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and food, and coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home


Recycling Tips for Carpet and Rugs

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According to Earth 911, in 2011, only 9 percent of the millions of tons of carpet and rugs that were discarded that year were recycled.

Why are carpets and rugs are one of the least recycled household items? For the homeowner, carpets are heavy and bulky to transport and it’s much easier to simply dump them in the trash. For the recycler, carpet is a challenge to work with because it’s made of different fibers and backing fabrics and each has to be recovered and reused separately.


The Mother Nature Network’s site has two articles on the process of recycling carpet:

How to Recycle Carpet 

Recycling Old Carpet: Is it Possible?

Check out the Carpet and Rug Institute’s article Recycle, Recover and Reuse for another look at recycling.

The Carpet Recyclers’ site has a video that shows the recycling process.

And go to the Carpet America Recovery Effort’s (CARE) site for a list of places, by state, that will recycle carpet.


You can donate worn but clean pieces of carpet to animal shelters, turn them into cat scratchers, use them for insulation, or save one rectangle to use as a welcome mat.

Check out these sites for some more practical suggestions.

This Old House’s article 10 Uses for Carpet Scraps.

Used Carpet Melbourne: Ten Things You Can Do with Your Old Carpet.

Build-It-Green Coach’s Creative Ways to Reuse Carpet.


You can reduce your need for new carpeting by extending the life of the carpet you have. See Creators.com’s advice on how to care for your carpet and how to create a patch for a damaged area.

It’s always good to be green!

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and food, and coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home


Where Does It All Go?

Have you ever wondered what happens to the clothing, shoes, and books that you donate? How do charities deal with the t-shirts too stained too wear, the worn-out sneakers, and the books with the damaged covers that are donated along with very usable items?

We all envision – maybe even fantasize – that our cast-offs will be used by someone who needs them and will cherish them as much as we do. Some of our items will find loving homes, of course, but recycling the usable parts of unusable items is just as important and we’ve found some places that do just that.

A blogger in England decided to check out the path that items take from initial donation to final use at Oxfam, a leading charity in England that fights global poverty. In her intriguing post “Old clothes don’t go to heaven. They go to Milton Keynes” about her visit to the Oxfam warehouse in Milton Keynes, a town north of London, she discovered that VHS tapes and CDs, for instance, are recycled by parts, the video or CD in one place, the paper covers in another, and the plastic box or case in yet another. Books get their barcodes scanned: Popular ones are sold on Amazon or eBay, unpopular ones are sold as props for films and TV, and damaged ones are sent directly to paper recycling.

GrowNYC’s clothing and textile recycling collection has set up easily accessible drop-off sites at numerous Greenmarket farmers markets in New York City. New Yorkers toss an average of 46 pounds of clothing and textiles in the trash each year, an amount that’s probably similar for all Americans. To keep those fabric items out of the landfills, GrowNYC recycles clothing, linens, shoes and bags, belts, and fabric. The items are sorted by usable/non-usable cotton, cotton blend, and synthetics, and then sold for reuse as clothing and linens, or to recycling markets to be made into cleaning rags, fiber for car seats, and insulation.

Nike’s Reuse-A-Shoe is part of the company’s effort to use the most sustainable methods possible in its production and it has set up more than 300 locations to make donating easier. The donated shoes are cut into three slices – the rubber outsole, the foam midsole, and the fiber upper – and then ground up. The rubber outsole is recycled into tract surfaces, gym flooring tiles, playground surfacing, and new Nike products. The foam midsole is used to cushion outdoor basketball and tennis courts, and the fiber uppers are used for cushioning pads for indoor synthetic and wood courts.

Kudos to all the companies and organizations that keep what too many of us see as trash out of the landfills. They find ways to reuse and recycle – and provide yet another reason for us to follow the “reduce, reuse, and recycle” credo as we declutter and downsize our homes.

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and foodand coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

Recycling Tips: Old Socks? Corks? Cereal Box Liners?

If you’re like me, one reason for clutter in your home is that, on the one hand there are certain things you know better than to just throw away. (Your mother, who grew up in the Depression, taught you that to waste is bad; and the environmental movement has taught you that minimizing the amount of garbage that ends up in landfill is good.)

On the other hand, you don’t really know what to do with these things, either. So they stay in your house, cluttering things up, driving your family insane.

Well, it turns out you and I are not alone! I decided to do a little Internet search to see what kind of advice was out there for what to do with some of those items hanging around our house, starting with the first three that came to my mind (or crossed my field of vision): old socks; corks from wine bottles; and cereal box liners.

I found an abundance of sites where other ecologically-minded people are figuring out what to do with these pesky items.

Here are the ones I liked best:

What to do with old socks: http://www.wikihow.com/Recycle-Your-Socks

What to do with corks from wine bottles: http://www.wisebread.com/25-things-to-do-with-used-corks-including-making-money-with-them

What to do with cereal box liners: http://wholelivingdaily.wholeliving.com/2010/06/8-ways-to-reuse-cereal-box-liners.html

Also, here are links to a few of our past posts that deal with other categories of  things, and how to get rid of them responsibly:





What are some of the items YOU are holding onto because you don’t know what to do with them? We’d love to hear about them. We’d also love to hear your creative ideas for what to do with some of these pesky items, and we think our readers would too. We hope you’ll share your ideas for recycling/reusing pesky items in the comment space below!

Today marks the official beginning of summer: we’ll be on an every-other-week schedule until the end of August. Look for our posts every two weeks, on Thursdays. Happy summer, and happy downsizing!

Janet Hulstrand is a writer/editor,  writing coach travel blogger, and coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home.

It’s Good to be Green

Repurposed pieces, Retro Revival Furniture

Theodore Roosevelt, often called our first environmental president, said:

Do what you can, with what you have, where you are.

Some very creative people have taken those words to heart. They show that while it’s good to be green and use what you have, it can be fun, too, to think of the advice to Reduce, Reuse, Recycle in clever and unique ways.


Saving just one paper towel per person per day, says Joe Smith in his amusing TEDxTalk, will help reduce the 571, 230,000 pounds of paper towels used by Americans every year.


Reusing items that would otherwise end up in the landfill is an earnest endeavor but there is nothing serious about the refurbished pieces from Retro Revival Furniture (shown above). The furniture is bright and fun and charming.

If weathered wood and pastel tones are more to your taste, check out a remade dresser from Design Sponge.


Recycling items to give them a new and sometimes upscale purpose, or upcycling, is a way to help save the planet.

Repurposed knitting needles, Unconsumption

Lynda Slade has upcycled vintage plastic knitting needles, some with Bakelite tops, into bracelets, as shown on the site Unconsumption.

TreeSmart has created pencils from recycled newspaper.

Glass bottle house, photo cc by Flickr user Tech109

And using recycled items for a new purpose is not a recent idea as Good Design shows us. This old house in the ghost town of Calico, California, was made entirely of glass bottles reportedly scavenged from local bars.

Ingenious, creative, helpful, yes, and each of these creators has made a bold statement. Who inspires you to reduce, reuse, and recycle?

Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and foodand coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

April 22 is Earth Day

Source: act.earthday.org

The first Earth Day was April 22, 1970, celebrated across the country by people concerned with environmental issues. The date was chosen because April 22 is the first day of spring in the Northern hemisphere and the first day of fall in the Southern hemisphere .

What can you do to honor the day?

Here are some suggestions from Earth Day Network.

–       Attend an Earth Day event

–       Organize a Day of Service

–       Pledge an Act of Green

You can share a photo of the day. Join Flickr and  upload your photos taken any time during the 24-hour period of April 22 to State of the Environment Group.

You can recycle, of course!

Here are some organizations to help you find recycling locations in your area.



A company whose byword is “Outsmart Waste” is dedicated to eliminating of the idea of waste. It converts previously non-recyclable or hard-to-recycle waste into many products in over 20 countries.



Recycle something you no longer need. List a material or item and your zip code to find a location that recycles the material you have.

Call 2 Recycle


This company is the only free rechargeable battery and cell phone collection program in North America. Their slogan is “Make every day Earth Day.”

AARP Recycling Guide


Select an item from their list to find an organization that recycles it, from batteries to golf balls to wheelchairs.

Better World Books


This organization has re-used, donated, or recycled over 73 million books. That’s 99 million pounds of materials that stayed out of the landfill. Great for the planet. Donate your books, then buy other books from them.

As Call 2 Recycle says, let’s make every day Earth Day.

≈Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and foodand coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

Upcycled or Recycled Paper

Recycled paper basket, duitang.com

Upcycling is really too elevated a concept for my rustic recycled paper notepads. The paper in the pads is recycled by me or at least reused by me.

For the notepads, I collect any standard 8 ½ by 11-inch paper that I have – business letters, flyers, paper I’ve printed and discarded, anything that is printed on one side and blank on the other. I fold them in half with the blank side on the outside and hold them together with a large binder clip. I now have a 5 ½ by 8 ½ -inch notepad.

I got the idea for the pad from my husband who had created his own recycled notepad by stacking used business envelopes, the back or blank side up, and holding them together at the top with a binder clip. A perfect notepad for lists.

Why use the paper again? The more we use paper to its fullest before recycling it, the less paper we buy. The less paper we buy, the more kindly we treat the environment.

According to HelpRecycle.com, recycling one ton of paper saves 17 mature trees, 7,000 gallons of water, 3 cubic yards of landfill space, and 2 barrels of oil. If all our newspaper was recycled, we could save about 250,000,000 trees each year.

And we can recycle more than just office paper. Again, according to HelpRecycle.com (a great source for information on recycling):

* Corrugated paper and cardboard can be used to make new paperboard and corrugated boxes.

* Newspapers can be recycled into paperboard, new newsprint, insulation, and animal bedding products like kitty litter.

* Office paper can be recycled into writing paper, tissues, and paper towels.

* Telephone books can be recycled into egg cartons and wine boxes.

If you are feeling particularly crafty, you can create your own elegant recycled paper notebooks following Martha Stewart’s directions. Or make the beautiful storage basket shown above from used packing paper following the directions here.

Perhaps the ultimate in recycling paper (or not depending on how you feel about old children’s books) is the Golden Book Gown. If the books were damaged and not able to be passed along to another young reader, then making them into a fairy tale gown is certainly the fashionable way to go.

What are your favorite ways to recycle paper?

≈Linda Hetzer is an editor and author of books on home design, crafts, and food,

and coauthor of Moving On: A Practical Guide to Downsizing the Family Home

What Is Upcycling, Anyway?

There is a word that seems to be occurring with greater frequency in our Twitter feed lately: “upcycling.”

In fact just this week “upcycling” occurred in one of Anderson Cooper’s tweets, and was apparently featured on his new talk show earlier this week.  Here’s a blog post that includes a video clip of Danny Seo, “Green Living” expert and bestselling author of Simply Green and other books, explaining what “upcycling” means to him, and showing examples of the objects he’s created from what might have been trash.

I did a little further research and found that, according to Wikipedia “the first recorded use of the term was by Reiner Pilz of Pilz GmbH in an interview by Thornton Kay of Salvo in 1994.” I also found a helpful post at Naturally Savvy.com that further explains and clarifies the history of the term.  (“To put it simply, downcycling reduces the quality of the materials, while upcycling maintains or improves the quality of the materials,”  Cara Smusiak, author of the post, neatly summarizes.)

This GAIAMlife post has lots of information about various ways to upcycle,  either yourself or by “outsourcing” it to companies that will either create new products for you for a price–for example, stuffed animals from old cashmere sweaters–or will actually pay you for sending them items such as empty drink pouches, potato chip bags, energy bar wrappers and other packaging waste that they then upcycle.

If you know of other interesting and useful sources for information about upcycling, please share them with us and our readers by commenting on this post. It’s kind of an interesting new phenomenon!


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